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EnergyECO4 Scheme Eligibility - Who Can Access Free Funding 

ECO4 Scheme Eligibility – Who Can Access Free Funding 

In the ongoing battle against climate change, governments worldwide are actively developing initiatives aimed at sustaining the environment and promoting energy efficiency. One notable initiative in this effort is the Energy Company Obligation (ECO), which was introduced by the U.K. government.

Since its establishment in 2013, ECO has played a leading role in promoting energy efficiency, sustainability, and environmental protection. This commitment is evident in the substantial investment of over £775 million in projects promoting eco-friendly energy solutions across the U.K.

Since its inception, the ECO project has undergone four generations, with the current iteration being the ECO4 scheme. In this article, we will delve deeper into explaining how this government-backed initiative, focused on reducing carbon emissions, addressing fuel poverty, and fostering sustainable living, is set to benefit low income households in the U.K.

<<Click here to apply for funding>>

What is the ECO4 Scheme?

Originating from its predecessors, ECO1 through ECO3, the ECO4 scheme builds upon the foundation laid by previous iterations. At its core, the ECO4 scheme stands as a tool to tackle not only fuel poverty but also reduce the amount of carbon being emitted into the atmosphere while providing heating solutions to homeowners in the U.K. It strives to achieve this through the Green Levy which is normally overseen by U.K. ‘s energy providers.

The ECO4 scheme has been up and running since April 2022 and is bound to run till March 2026. During this period, the scheme is set to receive funding of £1 billion annually. With such figures, the estimated budget for the ECO4 scheme stands at a staggering £4 billion. 

As it is government-backed, the ECO4 scheme will be receiving funds from the ‘Big Six’ energy companies – nPower, EDF, SSE, Scottish Power, E. ON, and British Gas. The main reason for this is that these companies have been tasked to meet several objectives according to the command of the market that they hold.

In a bid to achieve its goals, the ECO4 scheme encompasses a wide array of domestic properties. Particularly, it targets low-income households and those deemed to be in vulnerable situations such as being dependent on income-related benefits. Nevertheless, the ECO4 scheme extends beyond low-income households and aids the least energy-efficient homes, specifically those falling within EPC efficiency bands D-G.

Unlike its predecessors, the ECO4 scheme focuses on whole-house retrofits. As such, it tailors bespoke packages of upgrades to increase the energy performance of homes depending on where their energy is lost. To achieve this, the scheme employs a collaborative structure that involves homeowners, local authorities, and private landlords to ensure that those most in need receive support to improve their living conditions.

<<Click here to apply for funding>>

How does the ECO4 Scheme work?

As previously mentioned, the ECO4 scheme combines the joint efforts of government agencies, energy suppliers, contractors and eligible households among other parties. These parties work in different capacities to bring about the much-needed harmony in energy efficiency, with each putting in the work in their docket diligently.

These measures include but are not limited to insulation upgrades, heating system improvements, and the installation of renewable energy technologies. Eligible households are identified based on predefined criteria after which the most sensible and appropriate changes are made. 

It is through partnerships between stakeholders that facilitate the smooth implementation of projects and ensure that the intended objectives are met within the ECO4 scheme.

Transforming Homes: Available ECO4 Scheme Improvements

External wall insulation

This improvement involves adding layers of insulating material to the exterior walls of a property. With the knowledge that old and conventional walls lose up to twice as much heat when compared to those with modern walls, the ECO4 scheme finds it necessary to improve thermal performance, reduce heat loss, and enhance the overall energy efficiency of a home by adding two layers of insulating material. This not only retains the heat within your home but also gives it a crisp look.

Loft insulation

Insulating the loft is one of the most effective ways to improve energy efficiency in a home. So, the ECO4 scheme accommodates its insulation to prevent heat from escaping through the roof. This helps to keep your home warm during winter and cool during summer. In addition, it helps to reduce energy bills and carbon emissions, making it a cost-effective and environmentally friendly home improvement.

Underfloor insulation

Insulating the space beneath the floorboards helps to prevent heat from escaping through the floor. By trapping this energy in the house, the ECO4 scheme improves energy efficiency and comfort levels indoors. The ECO4 scheme implements this improvement by spraying an insulating material under the floorboards.

Smart thermostats

Smart thermostats that come with the ECO4 scheme enable homeowners to control their heating and hot water systems remotely through the use of a smartphone. With a smart thermostat, you are in a position to set schedules, adjust temperatures, and monitor energy usage. This goes a long way in helping to optimize energy efficiency and reduce wastage in your home.

Cavity wall insulation

Easily ranked as the most effective means of maintaining the heat within your home, the ECO4 scheme does not leave it behind. This involves filling the gap between the inner and outer walls with insulating material. This helps to prevent heat loss through the walls and significantly reduces energy bills.

Air source heat pumps

The ECO4 scheme has an option whereby you can get an air source heat pump. This is an innovative heating system that extracts heat from the outside air and transfers it indoors to provide warmth. Over time, air source heat pumps have proven to be highly efficient, even in colder climates. By having one installed, you will reduce your energy consumption as well as maintenance fees as they are low-maintenance, translating to low utility bills and more comfortable living.

<<Click here to apply for funding>>

Who Qualifies? Understanding ECO4 Scheme Eligibility Criteria

To access potential funding for home improvements through the ECO4 scheme, your household must satisfy specific eligibility criteria. In this section, we are going to provide detailed explanations of the prerequisites for participation in the ECO4 scheme. They include:

Homeownership or private renting

To qualify for the ECO4 scheme, you must either be a homeowner or a private renter. This requirement acknowledges the significance of being directly involved in the housing arrangement, whether through property ownership or renting. For homeowners, it acknowledges their authority to make decisions regarding energy efficiency improvements to their property. Likewise, for private renters, this criterion promotes inclusivity by enabling individuals living in rental accommodations to also access improvements for their living spaces.

Household income

To qualify for the ECO4 scheme, your household income must be below £31,000. This requirement has been put into place to ensure that the initiative targets individuals with limited financial resources. By doing so, these individuals will be in a position to access energy-efficient upgrades.

Energy Performance Certificate (EPC) rating

Besides the threshold income for qualification, homes seeking funding through the ECO4 scheme must have an EPC rating of D1, E, F, or G. What an EPC does is assess and rate the energy efficiency of a house and as a result give some insight into it. In light of this, it has a metric that ranges from A (highest efficiency) to G (lowest efficiency).

Receipt of means-tested benefits

If your household has a member who receives means-tested benefits, such as Child Tax Credits, Child Benefits, Income-related Employment and Support Allowance, Pensions Savings Credit, Income Support or Pension Credit Guarantee Credit, Working Tax Credit, Universal Credit, Income-based Jobseeker’s Allowance, or Housing Benefits, then there is a chance that your home is eligible for the ECO4 scheme.

In cases where households receive solely Child Benefits, specific income thresholds come into play, contingent upon family structure. For single parents, the income thresholds are as follows: £19,000 for one child, £24,800 for two children, £29,600 for three children, and £34,500 for four or more children. Conversely, for parents in a couple, the thresholds differ: £27,500 for one child, £32,300 for two children, £37,200 for three children, and £42,000 for four or more children.

These income thresholds act as requirements for eligibility within the ECO4 scheme, guaranteeing that families depending solely on Child Benefit can secure financial support for energy-efficient enhancements provided their earnings are beneath the designated thresholds aligned with their family size and composition.

How to Apply for the ECO4 Scheme

To ensure ease of getting support through the ECO4 scheme, there are simple steps that will see you benefit from the scheme. Below is the process to follow to make an application for the ECO4 scheme:

  1. Online application – Begin by assessing your eligibility online using our user-friendly grant finder. If you find that you meet the established criteria, you can then proceed to schedule a personalized survey appointment.
  2. Property survey – After a successful application, our team will perform a thorough survey of your property. The purpose of this detailed assessment is to pinpoint the precise upgrades that are necessary to qualify for funding and enhance your home’s energy efficiency.
  3. Installation – After reviewing the survey results and confirming your readiness to proceed, we will organize the installation process. Our team will schedule a convenient time for installation to carry out the recommended improvements in your house.

The professionals and experts affiliated with the ECO4 scheme will oversee the implementation of the proposed enhancements. So, you can rest assured that your home will undergo the necessary improvements to enhance its energy efficiency and reduce costs under the right leadership.

<<Click here to apply for funding>>

The ECO3 Scheme Vs ECO4

Eligibility criteria

The ECO4 scheme introduces a fresh set of eligibility standards diverging from its predecessor, ECO3. Notably, certain benefits previously accepted, including Disability Living Allowance (DLA), Personal Independence Payment (PIP), and Attendance Allowance, are now excluded from qualification under the ECO4 scheme. Also, on the other hand, the ECO4 scheme now extends eligibility to recipients of Housing Benefit and Pension Credit Savings Credit, which were previously disregarded in ECO3.

Scheme approach

In contrast to ECO3’s multifaceted approach, the ECO4 scheme adopts a pioneering ‘fabric first’ methodology to enhance home energy efficiency. This innovative strategy involves evaluating a property’s existing energy efficiency band and prioritizing the multifaceted upgrades to achieve significant improvements through diverse insulation and heating measures. 

Boiler installations

Under the ECO4 scheme, a novel cap is introduced on the number of available boiler grants, now limited to 5,000 across all suppliers—a substantial reduction compared to the approximately 134,000 boilers installed during the ECO3 tenure. Furthermore, the ECO4 scheme goes a step further and introduces stringent regulations governing qualifying boiler types, effectively excluding LPG and oil boilers from eligibility.

Grant allocation criteria

While ECO3 assessed grant allocation based on long-term cost savings from insulation and heating measures, the ECO4 scheme has shifted its focus to enhancing the overall energy performance of properties. Rather than solely considering monetary savings over time, the ECO4 scheme prioritizes improving the energy efficiency rating of homes.

Funding for private renters

While eligibility criteria for private renters remain relatively consistent, the ECO4 scheme has introduced a pivotal shift—a prerequisite that energy efficiency projects can proceed solely if the rented property’s current energy efficiency band falls within the categories of E, F, or G.

Impacts and Benefits of the ECO4 Scheme

Enhanced energy efficiency

The ECO4 scheme’s provision of funding for energy-efficient upgrades ensures that homes are equipped with modern technologies and practices to significantly reduce energy consumption. This implies low utility bills and a better environment as well.

Reduced carbon footprint

By targeting carbon-intensive energy consumption patterns, the ECO4 scheme actively mitigates carbon emissions, aligning with global efforts to combat climate change. The adoption of cleaner, more efficient energy practices contributes to the broader environmental conservation goals.

Alleviation of fuel poverty

The ECO4 scheme’s focus on low-income households and those facing fuel poverty provides much-needed relief from the financial strain of high energy costs. By making homes more energy-efficient, the scheme ensures that vulnerable communities can affordably maintain comfortable living conditions.

Improved health and comfort

The upgrades facilitated by the ECO4 scheme create healthier and more comfortable living environments as better insulation and heating systems enhance indoor air quality and temperature regulation.

Economic boost

The implementation of energy-efficient upgrades under the ECO4 scheme stimulates economic activity by creating job opportunities in sectors such as construction, insulation, and renewable energy. This not only fosters local economic growth but also positions the community at the forefront of the green energy transition.

Property value appreciation

Energy-efficient homes are increasingly sought after in the real estate market due to their lower operating costs and environmental credentials. Through the ECO4 scheme, homeowners and landlords can enhance the value of their properties.

Regulatory compliance

The ECO4 scheme assists homeowners and landlords in meeting regulatory requirements and standards related to energy efficiency. By ensuring that properties adhere to established guidelines, the scheme promotes responsible property management practices and contributes to overall housing quality and safety standards.


In conclusion, the ECO4 scheme emerges as a huge step in the right direction in the quest for a more sustainable future. Its comprehensive approach to enhancing energy efficiency not only addresses the pressing issues of fuel poverty and rising energy costs but also lays a foundation for lasting environmental stewardship. By empowering households to make meaningful changes to their energy consumption habits and investing in the latest technologies and practices, the ECO4 scheme catalyzes a shift towards a cleaner, greener way of living.

Moreover, the scheme’s ripple effects extend beyond individual homes, fostering economic growth, creating job opportunities, and strengthening communities. As we navigate the challenges that come with climate change and environmental degradation, initiatives like the ECO4 scheme serve as vital stepping stones towards a more resilient, equitable, and sustainable world.

Frequently Asked Questions

Can the ECO4 scheme upgrades be customized to cater to unique household needs, such as incorporating smart home technology or renewable energy solutions?

Yes, ECO4 upgrades can be tailored to meet specific household requirements. Homeowners can discuss their preferences with accredited installers who will work to integrate technologies like smart thermostats or renewable energy systems into the upgrade plan.

Can homeowners or tenants participate in ECO4 if they have already invested in energy-efficient upgrades in the past?

Yes, homeowners and tenants can still participate in ECO4 even if they have made previous energy-efficient upgrades. Accredited installers will assess existing improvements and may recommend additional upgrades to further enhance energy efficiency and meet higher standards.

Does the ECO4 scheme provide guidance or resources for households interested in incorporating sustainable building materials or passive design principles into their energy efficiency upgrades?

Absolutely, ECO4 provides guidance and resources for incorporating sustainable building materials and passive design principles. Homeowners can consult with accredited installers who specialize in eco-friendly construction practices to explore options for integrating such elements into their upgrades.

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